Advances in Nuclear Physics, Volume 27 (Advances in the by J.W. Negele, Erich W. Vogt

By J.W. Negele, Erich W. Vogt

This quantity includes significant articles, one delivering a ancient retrospective of 1 of the good triumphs of nuclear physics within the 20th century and the opposite supplying a didactic creation to 1 of the quantitative instruments for figuring out powerful interactions within the twenty-first century. this article is appropriate just for complex graduate classes in nuclear physics.

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Extra resources for Advances in Nuclear Physics, Volume 27 (Advances in the Physics of Particles and Nuclei)

Sample text

For isospins smaller than Flowers introduced another quantum number besides the seniority As will be described in the following, a state of the configuration of identical nucleons with seniority and spin J has a corresponding state in the configuration. In that state, there are no pairs. The former state can be obtained from the latter by coupling to it pairs with J = 0 and antisymmetrizing. Thus, the resulting state has the same value of the spin J. Similarly, starting from a state with given value of J and a given isospin which contains no pairs with J = 0, and adding pairs with J = 0, a state of the configuration is obtained with seniority and spin J.

In that paper, she considered the effect of a strong spin-orbit interaction on order and spacing of single nucleon orbits. She shows how in her scheme the observed shell closures are reproduced as well as most observed nuclear spins as presented by Nordheim and Feenberg. She tentatively suggests shell closure at 28 and also mentions how, in her scheme “the prevalence of isomerism towards the end of the shell, noticed by Feenberg and Nordheim, is easily understood”. This paper, Mayer (1949), sent as a “letter to the editor” of the Physical Review, was delayed by the editor who asked Feenberg, Hammack and Nordheim (1949) to write a letter in which they compared their schemes and Mayer’s scheme.

Even in the face of strong criticism of the shell model, at that time, it was still considered applicable for nuclei up to oxygen. Feenberg and Wigner as well as Feenberg and Phillips (1937), considered the complete in LS-coupling. They calculated energies of various states and compared them with experiment. When the shell model was introduced, Inglis looked at the beginning of the and concluded that neither LS-coupling nor fitted the data. He tried to interpolate between these two limits and introduced the name of “intermediate coupling”, a term which remained a trade name for many years.

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