Alvin Plantinga by Deane-Peter Baker

By Deane-Peter Baker

Few thinkers have had as a lot impression on modern philosophy as has Alvin Plantinga. The paintings of this integral analytic thinker has in lots of respects set the tone for the controversy within the fields of modal metaphysics and epistemology and he's arguably crucial thinker of faith of our time. during this quantity, a special workforce of modern-day top philosophers tackle the crucial elements of Plantinga's philosophy - his perspectives on ordinary theology; his responses to the matter of evil; his contributions to the sector of modal metaphysics; the arguable evolutionary argument opposed to naturalism; his version of epistemic warrant and his view of epistemic defeat; and his fresh paintings on mind-body dualism. additionally incorporated is an appendix containing Plantinga's frequently stated, yet formerly unpublished, lecture notes entitled 'Two Dozen (or so) Theistic Arguments', with a considerable preface to the appendix written via Plantinga particularly for this quantity.

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In particular, it is worth noting the following passage: [That there is no evidence or at any rate not sufficient evidence for the proposition that God exists] is a strong claim. What about the various arguments that have been proposed for the existence of God – the traditional cosmological and teleological arguments for example? What about the versions of the moral argument as developed, for example, by A. E. Taylor and more recently by Robert Adams? What about the broadly inductive or probabilistic arguments developed by F.

Without in any way committing ourselves to the claim that those arguments are successful. Moreover, even if we do suppose that there are successful philosophical arguments – say, for example, Kripke’s arguments against the Frege-Russell theory of proper names – it is not clear that we should be prepared to allow that the various arguments for the existence of God to which Plantinga adverts should be placed in the same category as those successful philosophical arguments. If there are successful philosophical arguments, then those arguments are complicated and sophisticated; they involve long chains of reasoning, careful drawing of distinctions, and so forth.

Good moral arguments; good arguments from the nature of evil; from play, enjoyment, 16:35 P1: JyD 0521855314c01 CUNY806B/Baker 30 0 521 85531 0 April 17, 2007 Graham Oppy love, nostalgia; and perhaps from colors and flavors,”44 all of which can play the role of ‘confirming and strengthening’ theistic belief. ” In particular, there are questions to ask about the connections or relations that hold between the ‘good arguments’ for the existence of God that Plantinga mentions here and the traditional arguments of natural theology.

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