By Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen
What's discrimination? there are particular cases of differential remedy that nearly an individual may describe as discriminatory; but upon deeper exam, this near-unanimity supplies approach to confrontation and distinction. for example, is it discrimination while hospitals lease non-smokers merely? not just do humans fluctuate on which situations of differential therapy they see as discriminatory, additionally they disagree approximately while discrimination is morally improper; what makes it morally flawed; and, certainly, approximately even if all types of discrimination are morally mistaken! ultimately, many disagree over what might be performed approximately wrongful discrimination-especially approximately what the nation may perhaps permissibly do to put off wrongful discrimination, e.g. in people's love lives.
This booklet addresses those concerns. It argues that there are diversified techniques of discrimination and that various reasons bearing on diverse contexts make certain which one is the main necessary. It provides particular cognizance to an idea of discrimination that ties discrimination to differential remedy of individuals at the foundation in their club in socially salient teams. moment, it argues that once discrimination is inaccurate, it's so firstly as a result of its damaging results. 3rd, it takes factor with a few of the general units used to counteract discrimination and submits that struggling with discrimination calls for greater than nation activities. ultimately, it argues that states might occasionally permissibly discriminate.
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Additional info for Born Free and Equal?: A Philosophical Inquiry into the Nature of Discrimination
Some of the most damaging forms of discrimination are those in which discrimination is, so to speak, internalized by the victims of discrimination and involve some sort of abhorrence of what one is. Summing up this section, generic discrimination against someone: (1) is essentially comparative across individuals; (2) involves disadvantageous treatment; (3) is agent- and object requiring; (4) is actual-properties independent; (5) is treatment specific; and (6) is potentially reflexive. As we shall see later, some of these features of generic discrimination place significant constraints on an account of the wrongness of discrimination.
Moreover, it implies that wrongful, idiosyncratic differential treatment constitutes discrimination. Yvonne and Zack both apply for admission to a graduate program at an Ivy League university. ” Yvonne, but not Zack, happens to be distinguished in all these regards and, accordingly, Xavier unjustly admits her rather than Zack. Many would deny that this case of morally objectionable treatment is a case of discrimination. 4, 455–463, p. 456. 32 David Wasserman (1998), “Discrimination, Concept of,” in R.
Of course, if someone treated everyone exactly as he ought to treat them, he would, let us suppose, treat people differently. But barring a cosmic coincidence, his differential treatment would not be suitably explained by the differential group-membership of different individuals, but rather by their individual desert-levels, in which case it would not qualify as discrimination. If it were, 60 Cf. ” p. 159. 36 Born Free and Equal? 61 This completes my account of when a group is socially salient, which—just to recap—it is, if perceived membership of it is important to the structure of social interactions across a wide range of social contexts.